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Research & Reports

Balanced Leadership: What 30 Years of Research Tells Us About the Effect of Leadership on Student Achievement (2003)

By June 27, 2008August 18th, 2017No Comments

This McREL report presents the findings from a research meta-analysis that examined the effects of leadership practices on student achievement. McREL identified 21 leadership responsibilities that are significantly associated with student achievement and translated these results into a “balanced leadership framework” which describes the knowledge, skills, strategies, and tools leaders need to positively impact student achievement.

Waters, T. Marzano, R., & McNulty, B. (2003). Balanced Leadership: What 30 years of research tells us about the effect of leadership on student achievement. Denver, Colorado: McREL International.

Download the full report.

McREL is a non-profit, non-partisan education research and development organization that since 1966 has turned knowledge about what works in education into practical, effective guidance and training for teachers and education leaders across the U.S. and around the world.