In a recent post on ASCD’s Inservice blog, McREL’s Jane Hill focuses on newly arrived ELL students at the middle and high school levels who have limited or interrupted formal education and suggests strategies that can help teachers meet these students’ unique needs. A focus on functional literacy, for example, and speaking basics is a good place to start, Hill writes, so that students can “do the authentic reading and writing they need to function” as soon as possible. She also suggests an approach developed by Stanford researcher Jeff Zwiers referred to as PIE, which reminds teachers that speaking and listening activities should be purposeful, include intentional language or fill in an information gap, and be used for explicit language development.
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In the latest Research Says column in Educational Leadership, McREL’s Bryan Goodwin and Heather Hein look at why, after years of various approaches to reduce the achievement gap between English-language learners (ELLs) and non-ELLs, the gap refuses to budge.
Despite dramatically rising numbers of ELLs in our nation’s schools, language acquisition is still largely misunderstood, the authors write, due in large part to a lack of professional development. This misunderstanding can lead to unrealistic expectations and a “deficit-thinking” mindset that puts ELLs at fault for their low performance. Goodwin and Hein suggest an “asset-based” approach to teacher education could help—one that focuses on language and diversity not as problems to solve but as opportunities to prepare all students for a globally connected world.
In the February issue of Educational Leadership, McREL’s Jane Hill focuses on six key actions teachers should and shouldn’t take when trying to engage and challenge beginning-level English-language learners. For example, teachers need to understand each ELL’s stage of language acquisition and not group them into too-broad categories, like “high level” and “low level.” Also, it’s important that all students—even the lowest-level ELLs—are engage in the same level of thinking. In other words, don’t water down the curriculum, regardless of an ELL’s level of English language acquisition.
An online news report on the University of Southern California’s (USC) website highlights the partnership between Professor of Psychology Daphna Oyserman, McREL International, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Filament Games, in developing and testing a digital game designed to motivate students.
The project, “Identity-Based Motivation Journey to Academic Success,” is funded by a five-year, $2.7 million Investing in Innovation (i3) grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The South Central Colorado Board of Cooperative Educational Services (SCBOCES), which serves minority and low-income students, will also participate.
In a recent post for Education Week‘s Leadership 360 blog, B.J. Worthington, director of schools for the Clarksville-Montgomery County School System (CMCSS) in Clarksville, Tenn., writes about the importance of leadership development at all levels, including, for his district, a comprehensive program for current and aspiring leaders based on McREL’s Balanced Leadership® Framework.
A consistent approach to leadership development, Dr. Worthington says, allows for “a common vocabulary and fidelity in the learning for all participants.” In addition, to ensure they consistently apply what they’ve learned now and into the future, the district has embraced the principles of high reliability organizations.
In a review of McREL’s Balanced Leadership for Powerful Learning: Tools for Achieving Success in Your School on SmartBlog on Education, Fred Ende of the Putnam Northern Westchester (New York) BOCES says what the book does, that many others don’t, is “rely more on research and meta-analyses than anecdotes and experiences” to explain how to become an effective school leader.
He also describes his three most valuable take-aways from the book, including:
- You can never ask “why” too many times.
- Just because we’re focused on the right change for our schools and buildings doesn’t mean we’re employing the right behaviors to make that change.
- When we lead, we can’t just worry about the relationships we have with others. We have to cultivate the relationship development between others too.
McREL President and CEO Bryan Goodwin is one of three education leaders discussing the importance of teacher leadership on ASCD’s latest Whole Child Podcast.
Goodwin and fellow panelists Fred Ende, assistant director of curriculum and instructional services for Putnam Northern Westchester BOCES (New York), and Maddie Fennell, an elementary school teacher in Omaha Public Schools and former teaching ambassador fellow at the U.S. Department of Education, talk about the benefits for both administrators and teachers of empowering teacher leaders, how to create a structure for teacher leadership that works, and how such a structure benefits the whole child.
January 4, 2016
DENVER — A new white paper from McREL International urges education leaders and policy makers to rethink the current, top-down approach to reform and consider what might happen if we improved our schools from the inside out.
In The Road Less Traveled: Changing Schools from the Inside Out, McREL President and CEO Bryan Goodwin shows how the past three decades of education reform—in which teachers and school leaders nationwide have shouldered the burden of large-scale initiatives such as the standards-based movement, No Child Left Behind, and the Common Core State Standards—have done little to change student outcomes. Despite the good intentions of these efforts to improve learning for all students, today’s achievement levels remain stagnant, gaps persist, and the U.S. continues to lag behind on international assessments.
The reason for this, Goodwin writes, is not the initiatives themselves but the way we carry them out—with a heavy-handed, top-down approach to reform that has not only not improved achievement but has led to increased stress among educators and has many fleeing the profession altogether.
An inside-out approach, he explains, instead “puts student engagement, motivation, and true problem-solving abilities at the heart of everything we do”—creating a different, more powerful outcome for all students that sets them up for lifelong success: curiosity.
Curiosity, Goodwin says, is linked with many other desirable student characteristics—motivation, passion, engagement, growth-mindedness, inquiry—but what may be most powerful about it is that it’s not difficult to develop in students, and most teachers and school leaders are already familiar with the practices that allow it to flourish.
The paper outlines a few key, consistent actions schools systems can take to approach reform from the inside out:
- Develop shared understanding about the moral purpose of schooling
- Put student curiosity, engagement, and motivation at the center of learning rather than focusing on teacher performance
- Build on bright spots in current practice and teacher strengths
- Develop leaders as change agents and questioners
- Fail forward with rapid-cycle improvement
- Re-discover peer coaching
- Reframe the goal, balancing standardized achievement tests with performance assessments
Goodwin acknowledges possible barriers to this approach but also highlights examples of schools and districts that have already successfully used it. In the end, he says, “We loathe the constraints of our current reform paradigm, yet underestimate our power to walk away from it”—and experience what could be the freedom of a new, more engaging system of schooling.
The free paper can be downloaded from the McREL website.
McREL International is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to improving education for all students through applied research, product development, and professional service to teachers and education leaders. For more information, contact Roger Fiedler, director of communications, at 800.858.6830 or email@example.com.
In this white paper, McREL’s Bryan Goodwin urges education leaders and policymakers to rethink the way we’ve been approaching reform for the past three decades and consider what might happen if we improved schools not from the top down but instead from the inside out—putting curiosity at the center of learning and unleashing a powerful, more engaging system of schooling.
December 7, 2015
DENVER—McREL International, the University of Southern California (USC), and a coalition of partner agencies have won a five-year, $2,669,593 Investing in Innovation (i3) grant from the U.S. Department of Education to develop a digital game that will improve the “identity-based motivation” (IBM) of middle and high school students to be successful, engaged learners.
McREL and USC’s partners on the project, titled “Identity-Based Motivation Journey to Academic Success,” include Filament Games, South Central Colorado BOCES (SCBOCES), and the University of Illinois.
Co-directed by McREL researcher Katie Andersen and USC Dean’s Professor Daphna Oyserman, the project will focus on the key elements of IBM theory: making the future feel relevant and connected to the present, making difficulty feel like evidence that schoolwork is important, and creating a sense that effective learning strategies “fit” with one’s identity.
“We are excited about figuring out how to harness student motivation to improve success not through good intentions alone but by taking the time to carefully test the conditions in which an innovation works,” said Oyserman. “Our short-term goal is to improve academic outcomes; in the long run, the project should create a larger cohort of students ready for the next step—college and beyond.”
The i3 grant competition supports the development and expansion of research-based programs that can transform the academic trajectory of students, educators, and their schools. Grants are awarded based on the rigor of research shown to support projects across three categories: Development, Validation, and Scale-up. In addition, the i3 grant requires awardees to secure matching funds or in-kind contributions of 15 percent from the private sector within 90 days of receiving the award.
The game will be developed with Filament Games, a production studio based in Madison, Wisconsin, that exclusively creates learning games, combining best practices in commercial game development with key concepts from the learning sciences. CEO Dan White said, “We couldn’t be more excited to explore the intersection of games and identity for this project, particularly because research shows that identity immersion is one of the greatest strengths of game-based learning.”
The game will be piloted and tested with Colorado students and educators, through a partnership with SCBOCES, with the goal of helping students develop “those non-cognitive skills that are often overlooked in the K‒12 classroom,” said Executive Director Henry Roman, such as the development of academic perseverance, positive mindsets, and self-directed learning strategies.
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign associate professor Kristen Bub will conduct the external evaluation of the project, ensuring fidelity of implementation and rigorously testing the impact of the project on student outcomes. Bub looks forward to working on a project that “innovatively combines what we know from multiple disciplines, including education, psychology, and computer science, about learning and development to improve school engagement and achievement among a diverse sample of middle and high school students.”
McREL International is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to improving education for all students through applied research, product development, and professional service to teachers and education leaders.