Structuring Out-of-School Time to Improve Academic Achievement

Author(s): Allen Schirm, Jeffrey Capizzano, Jessica Taylor, Megan Beckett, Geoffrey Borman, Danette Parsley, Steven Ross

Audience(s): Teachers and Administrators

Product Description:

This practice guide provides five recommendations to design effective out-of-school time (OST) programs, including the research behind them, how to implement them, and how to address roadblocks that may arise.

Key Ideas:

The authors developed five recommendations:

  • Align the OST program academically with the school day
  • Maximize student achievement and attendance
  • Adapt instruction to individual and small group needs
  • Provide engaging learning experiences
  • Assess program performance and use the results to improve the quality of the program

APA Citation:

Beckett, M., Borman, G., Capizzano, J., Parsley, D., Ross, S., Schirm, A., & Taylor, J. (2009). Structuring out-of-school time to improve academic achievement: A practice guide (NCEE #2009-012). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from

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